1.  Description This majestic native tree has a dense crown which makes it a great shade tree. State documented: documented Triangular nut encased in a spiky involucre. Monoecious yellowish green flowers bloom from March to May on the American beech. The American beech (Fagus grandifolia) occurs across much of the eastern United States and southeastern Canada, with a disjunct population in Mexico. Trees of North America. Dry-mesic to mesic, deciduous or mixed evergreen-deciduous forests. The winter twigs are distinctive among North American trees, being long and slender (15–20 mm ( ⁄8– ⁄4 in) by 2–3 mm (0.079–0.118 in)) with two rows of overlapping scales on the buds. Fagus grandifolia American Beech Pronunciation. Take a photo and September to October. Fagus grandifolia - Leaves, Fall Interest, Fruit. 2020 long or 12 cm) turns rich russet and golden colors in the fall and holds on most of the winter. The American beech is now confined to the eastern United States. unintentionally); has become naturalized. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. Trunks have distinctive thin, smooth, gray bark. The American beech (Fagus grandifolia), native to eastern North America, and the European beech (F. sylvatica), distributed throughout England and Eurasia, are the most widely known species. Leaves are alternate and simple with long tapering tips and conspicuous widely-spaced teeth. of Biological Sciences Western Michigan University Kalamazoo, MI 49008 The largest known American Beech in Michigan is located in Onekema (Manistee County) of Michigan's Lower Peninsula. SPECIES: Fagus grandifolia GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : Beech is a large, native, deciduous tree. Can cause stomach irritation in some individuals if eaten in quantity. Beechnuts ripen in fall and are edible. The genus Fagus includes 10-13 species of the beech tree, which are native to temperate regions of Asia, Europe and North America. Fagus. Fagus grandifolia - Habit. It is a deciduous tree growing to 20–35 m 66–115 ft tall, with smooth, silvergray bark . fruit. Grouped toward the ends of branches or short branchlets. N.C. post Gardens Open 10:00 am–6:00 pm. Fagus grandifolia - Bark. Fruit is an edible nut or nuts enclosed in a prickly covering. It is a sturdy, imposing, large deciduous tree typically growing to 60 to 80 feet tall or more with a dense, upright-oval to a rounded-spreading crown and smooth bark that remains smooth as the tree ages. Native to eastern North America, Fagus grandifolia (American Beech) is a magnificent, large, deciduous tree adorned with a short trunk and a dense, wide-spreading crown. Parallel veins pierce the margin; little bristles on the margin. Show (intentionally or Nutmeats, in small quantities, edible raw or cooked. Female flowers give way to triangular nuts enclosed by spiny bracts. Also distinctive are the long, slender, pale chestnut-brown buds, readily visible during the winter. In fall the flowers are followed by the fruit called beechnuts and are edible. caroliniana (Loudon) Fernald & Rehder has been used for southern populations, allegedly distinct in several features but most prominently their denticulate, more shallowly toothed (vs sharply serrate) leaf margins, and shorter prickles on the fruit husk, to only 2.5 mm (vs. 3–14 mm). Fagus grandifolia The tallest American Beech found today in Ohio, in Ashtabula County, is 130 feet tall. to exist in the county by The smooth gray bark of this grand tree is familiar to many. One species occurs in North Carolina, Fagus grandifolia (American beech). Flower and fruit: Small male and female flowers bloom on the same plant but in separate clusters. Beech buds are distinctly thin and long, resembling cigars; this characte… a sighting. ... Fruit: A triangular nut under 1 inch long, with a spiny covering. state. Fagus grandifolia - Leaves. NH, var. The flowers are separate male and female flowers and appear in spring. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Leaf: Ovate leaves are 2 to 5 inches long, glossy dark green above and pale below. For details, please check with your state. Fagus grandifolia Maine to Florida, west to Texas, Oklahoma, Illinois, Michigan, and Minnesota. It's male flowers form in drooping, long-stemmed, globular clusters and the female flowers in short spikes. Once in our waterways, these pollutants fuel the growth of excess algae, which clouds the water and threatens the health of fish, crabs and the entire Chesapeake Bay. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: Beech scale is an occasional problem on this tree. It is a deciduous tree that produces edible nuts. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. It can be difficult to grow other plants or lawn underneath a standing American beech. The wood is used for flooring, tools, containers, and has a high fuel value. (Wetland indicator code: The American beech can live for three hundred to four hundred years and can reach heights of eighty feet and diameters in excess of … the state. Fall color is golden bronze and leaves often last into winter. It is a low-branched tree with its mature trunk ranging from 2 to 3 feet  in diameter. ... Fruit. Fern. Prickly brownish fruit; seeds trigonous. It is a deciduous tree growing to 20–35 m (66–115 ft) tall, with smooth, silver-gray bark. Only Fagus grandifolia, the American beech, is native to the U.S. and Illinois. Flower: Species is monoecious; male flowers borne on globose heads hanging from a slender 1 inch stalk, female flowers … ... Fruit Color: brown. Enjoy Chrysanthemum Festival in our Main Conservatory and Autumn’s Colors throughout our Gardens.. View interactive map › Download printable map › Longwood Gardens will close November 16–17; and the Conservatory will close November 18–19 (outdoor gardens will remain open) to prepare A Longwood Christmas. It grows best in moist mountain coves and is often found scattered with oaks and hickories in rich, well-drained bottom land. American beech Fagaceae Fagus grandifolia Ehrh. It can be a beautiful tree in a large area, but is not recommended for smaller landscapes. PLANTS Characteristics Data Fields and Definitions for more than 100 Characteristics Wood is hard, strong, and tough though it will rot when exposed to weather or soil. All rights reserved. three-winged nut; nut is enclosed in a spiky involucre; spikes are recurved; found singly or in 2 & 3's; edible; persist into winter; Bark. The Go Botany project is supported Before the glacial period, beech trees flourished over most of North America. It … Somewhat zig-zag, grayish, shiny. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Genus. Copyright: various copyright holders. Fagus grandifolia Figure 1. Forest Type: Beech-Maple. A single species, Fagus sylvatica or the European beech, accounts for the vast majority of cultivars used in landscaping. Fagus grandifolia - Leaves. The massive trunk has beautiful silver gray bark; the dark green summer foliage turns a golden bronze in the fall. buds. The terminal buds are very long with numerous scales and, to those familiar with them, are easily recognized even in the absence of leaves. Leaves typically hang on well into the winter months adding to the seasonal interest. Fagus grandifolia - Bud. (2017) p 97-98; 320 Parts Shown: Fruit, Leaf, Habit, Seed, Twig Art VIDEO Created by Elizabeth Meyer for "Trees, Shrubs and Conifers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. Both are economically important timber trees and are often planted as ornamentals in Europe and North America; they may grow as tall as 30 metres (100 feet). To reuse an Bronze birch borer ... Evodia danielii. Nuts are irregularly triangular, shiny brown and edible. The American beech (Fagus grandifolia) is the only species of beech tree native to North America but one of the most common. This tree was used by Native Americans for building materials, medicine, and food. In the mountains, it is sometimes found in dense, unmixed stands or in association with sugar maples, yellow birch, and other hardwoods. Fruit. Leaves have up to 15 pairs of prominent parallel veins, each ending with a sharp tooth at the margin. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Also covers CT, MA, ME, Leaves are dark green and glossy above, lighter green below, sometimes tomentose along the midrib and in vein axils on underside. Ehrh. This tree is slightly salt tolerant. Beech suckers readily, so a "mother" tree may be surrounded by dozens of its identical offspring saplings. Propagation. Beech blight aphids are common, forming dense colonies on small branches and the undersides of leaves. Found this plant? Today, mature trees are falling victim to a Nectria fungus that blisters the bark and weakens the tree. Fagus grandifolia, or American beech, is native to eastern North America and found throughout the state of North Carolina. Fagus sylvatica, commonly called European beech, is a large deciduous tree typically growing to 50-60’ (less frequently to 100’) tall with a dense, upright-oval to rounded-spreading crown.It is native to woodlands in central and southern Europe. Eastern hardwood with distinctive smooth, gray bark; leaves dark green, pointed-elliptical, toothed. It is a sturdy, imposing, large deciduous tree typically growing to 60 to 80 feet tall or more with a dense, upright-oval to a rounded-spreading crown and smooth bark that remains smooth as the tree ages. Middle-aged American Beech. Its foliage of ovate to elliptic, coarsely serrated, lustrous dark green leaves (5 in. American Beech - Fagus grandifolia - Zone 3b This tree is indigenous to the eastern regions of North America. Fagus grandifolia Ehrh. WHY NATIVES. by Michael Kuo. Your help is appreciated. American beech prefers moist, well-drained, acid soil, is intolerant of wet or compacted soil, prefers sun but will tolerate shade. Forest grown trees reach up to 120 feet. Description Fagus grandifolia, or American beech, is native to eastern North America and found throughout the state of North Carolina. Attached in groups of 2 or 3, prickly husks that remain on the tree after the nut has fallen, 3/4 of an inch long. Can you please help us? Fagus grandifolia() Fagus grandifolia. RI, Today at Longwood. The nuts are eaten by small mammals, white-tailed deer, black bears, foxes, ruffed grouse, wild turkeys, ducks, woodpeckers, white-breasted nuthatches, American crows and blue jays. Discover thousands of New England plants. Fruit: Seeds, which are edible, are smooth, triangular, shiny brown, found in pairs within a woody, spiney husk 1/2 to 3/4 inch long, maturing in the fall. Leaf: Alternate, simple, elliptical to oblong-ovate, 2 1/2 to 5 1/2 inches long, pinnately-veined, 11-14 pairs of veins, with each vein ending in a sharp distinct tooth, shiny green above, very waxy and smooth, slightly paler below. Fagus grandifolia and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. In Missouri, it occurs in rich woods of ravines, slopes and valleys only in the far southeastern corner of the state (Steyermark). . ] Fruiting occurs September/October and seeds are released October/November after frost. It normally grows 65 to 80 feet (20-25 m) tall but can can grow up to 130 feet (40 m) and can live to over 300 years old. is shown on the map. N. American beech. . The leaves are dark green, simple and sparsely-toothed with small teeth that terminate each vein, 6–12 cm (2 ⁄4–4 ⁄4 in) long (rarely 15 cm, 6 in), with a short petiole. Seed. Noteworthy Characteristics. FACU). American Beech1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION This massive tree will slowly reach a height and spread of 50 or more feet (Fig. in part by the National Science Foundation. Phenology: deciduous. Beech develops suckers from its vast system of surface roots and entire beech groves have often grown from the roots of a single tree. American Beech (Fagus grandifolia) [ Trees > Hardwoods . Fruit of F. grandifolia is smaller and its leaves have more veins (9-14 pairs vs. 5-9 pairs) than the more common landscape species, F. sylvatica . The aphids are food for the Harvester butterfly (Feniseca tarquinius), North Carolina's only carnivorous butterfly. American beech is a large, graceful native tree, excellent for large, park-like landscapes where it has room to spread its wide, low-growing branches. caroliniana (Loud.) VT; throughout. Fagus sylvatica . NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). Fagus grandifolia Ehrh. The nuts are an important food source for wildlife. Non-native: introduced donations to help keep this site free and up to date for It is a large deciduous tree typically growing to 50-80’ (less frequently to 120’) tall with a dense, upright-oval to rounded-spreading crown. Fagus grandifolia - Habit. FAG-us gran-di-FOL-e-a Family. symbol: FAGR. Awl-shaped, imbricate, 3/4-1" long and slender, shiny, pointy. F. grandifolia var. All Characteristics, the leaf blade is oblong (rectangular but with rounded ends), the leaf blade is obovate (egg-shaped, but with the widest point above the middle of the leaf blade), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is chartaceous (thin and dry like paper), the leaf blade is coriaceous (has a firm, leathery texture), the twigs have hairs, but the hairs do not have glands. populations both exist in a county, only native status Exact status definitions can vary from state to It … Large Fagus grandifoliatrees are easily recognized by the smooth, gray bark. Fagaceae. An excellent shade tree. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within The foliage turns a golden bronze in autumn. Fagus L. (Fagaceae) A genus of about ten species of trees; of temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Unlike most other hardwood trees, the American beech retains this smooth bark throughout its "mature" years.