INFLUENCE OF CERTAIN DIETARY PLANT CONSTITUENTS ON PLATELET AGGREGATION . Chemistry, Technology, and Nutraceutical Functions of Cumin (. Furthermore, this review gathers and discusses the fragmented information described in literature concerning the chemical composition and the biological activities of essential oils and different extracts of some Apiaceae species, it illustrates also their potential for the development of pharmaceutical, cosmetic products and other industrial uses. Cumin can be an ingredient in chili powder (often Tex-Mex or Mexican-style) and is found in achiote blends, adobos, sofrito, garam masala, curry powder, and bahaarat, and is used to flavor numerous commercial food products. Anonymous sociodemographic information was collected along with veterinary use data. Two wood-based commercial panels were tested: a Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) and a chipboard (CH), and they were compared to a material produced from a coriander biorefinery (COR). Thy, P.; Jenkins, B.M. Aim of the study Chemical composition of black cumin (Nigella sativa L.) seed extracts obtained by supercritical carbon dioxide at two different conditions that result in total extract (28 MPa/50°C, SFE 1) and major volatile part (12 MPa/40°C, SFE 2) and essential oil obtained by hydrodistillation of SFE-1 (HD SFE). Proximate composition and mineral contents of spices. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. The fatty acid profile was determined after dissolution of oil in Methyl-tertbutyl-ether (1 mL added to 20 mg) and conversion into fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) by adding trimethylsulfonium hydroxide (0.2M in methanol) (50 µL). ; project administration, O.M., Z.S., A.H. and O.M. It would be … However, lead, cadmium and arsenic were not detected in the seeds. MS Excel 2010 software was used for determination of the R, Yield and chemical compositions of the essential oils of cumin seeds from Lebanon, France, Algeria and Syria are presented in. ; Agarwal, D.; Rathore, S.S.; Malhotra, S.K. La valorisation des huiles pour des applications dans l’industrie cosmétique a été realisée en les utilisant comme (i) additifs dans des formulations de crème hydratante. ; Saxena, S.N. The quality of cumin treated with gamma and microwave irradiation. However, these authors reported the … PERILLALDEHYDE 8. The beneficial and well-known black seed oil comes from the nigella sativa plant, an annual flowering plant with pale blue and white flowers, and a large fruit which contains the black seeds.. MUFA, monounsaturated fatty acids; PUFA, polyunsaturated fatty acids; SFA, saturated fatty acids. Essential oils from, Bagirova, M.; Dinparvar, S.; Allahverdiyev, A.M.; Unal, K.; Abamor, E.S. Indicators chosen to compare the materials were physical properties (density, bending properties, surface hardness, thickness swelling and water absorption) and VOC emissions. Precautions. Chemical composition and biological activity of, Sayed Ahmed, B. Etude de L’agroraffinage des Graines d’Apiaceae, Lamiaceae et Chenopodiaceae Pour la Production de Molécules Bio-Sourcées en vue D’application en Industrie Cosmétique. Abstract. reported that partially delipidated cumin residues contain 20% proteins and 5% minerals [, Thus, cumin cakes may have potential uses in various food formulations, showing improved digestibility and good nutritional composition. More than 40 compounds were identified, mainly monoterpenes (C10H16), such as α-terpinene and terpinolene, but also sesquiterpenes (C15H24) at lower levels. This difference in the diversity of therapeutic applications and remedies should be the object of future research. In South Asian cooking it is often combined with coriander seeds in a powdered mixture called dhana jeera. Chemical composition. Sterol composition of cumin vegetable oils from different origins are shown in, Nutritional composition of cumin seeds is shown in. The seeds contained high concentrations of oil (32–67%). Cuminaldehyde (100 and 200 mg/kg) significantly decreased the latency to nociceptive response in the hot plate test. ; Dholakia, H.; Kaul Tiku, P.; Vishveshwaraiah, P. Enhancement of digestive enzymatic activity by cumin (, Sowbhagya, H.B. Van Soest, P.; Wine, R.H. Use of detergents in the analysis of fibrous feeds. in bio-refinery system will be crucial. The nutrient contents of residual cakes resulting from the extraction of essential oils or vegetable oils are presented in, The ADF and NDF fiber contents in the residual cakes of cumin seeds are also presented in, Since phenolic compounds are major factors in the antioxidant activity of plants, the contents of TPC and TFC in cumin cakes and aromatic water (i.e., the remaining water after hydrodistillation) were determined in this study. Pradeep, K.U. Field experiments were performed at Auch (France) during two seasons (2010 and 2011). For eight portions you need to add as many as five teaspoons. The oil was colourless to pale-yellow in colour. During the experiments, antileishmanial effects of synthetized nanoparticles were determined on both promastigote and amastigote forms of Leishmania parasites by detecting different parameters such as proliferation, infection index and produced nitric oxide (NO) amounts from macrophages. ; Saxena, S.N. However, overall a smaller number of remedies are used to treat animals than humans and for less therapeutic applications. Chemical composition of spices is given in Table 1. ; Zhao, J.H. Fruits presented 2% more oil in 2010 than in 2011. Author to whom correspondence should be addressed. Data for the gas-liquid chromatographic analysis of essential oils. The seeds were collected randomly from Djelfa (300 km South of Algiers, Algeria). In Iranian traditional medicine, Cuminum cyminum is a unique medicinal herb for pain relief. ; Geervani, P.; Eggum, B.O. (LC⁠50=25.4 μl L⁠−1) and S. littoralis (LD⁠50=57.3 μg larva⁠−1), whereas cumin was more active on adults of M. persicae (LC⁠50=3.2 ml L⁠−1) and M. domestica (LD⁠50=31.8 μg adult⁠1). Zinc, calcium, magnesium, manganese and copper were found at lower levels. MONOTERPENES – BETA-PINENE, P-CYMENE & GAMMA-TERPINENE CUMINALDEHYDE is a principle a… a Kurt Kitzing Co., Hinterm Alten Schloss 21, D-86757 Wallerstein, Germany See all articles by this author. The capillary column was a CP-Select CB fused silica WCOT one, with following characteristics: 50 m length, 0.25 mm internal diameter, and 0.25 µm film thickness. High contents were observed for nutritional traits in cumin seeds of all origins. ; Aona, L.Y.S. Antibacterial activity and chemical composition of the essential oil of. cumin seeds (3.762%), while both coriander and basil herb had lower amounts (0.285% and 0.686%, respectively). Uitterhaegen, E.; Labonne, L.; Merah, O.; Talou, T.; Ballas, S.; Véronèse, T.; Evon, P. Optimization of thermopressing conditions for the production of binderless boards from a coriander twin-screw extrusion cake. Sayed Ahmad, B.; Talou, T.; Saad, Z.; Hijazi, A.; Merah, O. The main phytochemical present in the cumin oil are as follows: 1. TERPINEN-4-OL 9. Pala, V. Erythrocyte membrane fatty acids and subsequent breast cancer: A prospective Italian study. The main phenolic compounds remain intact in the residue after defatting [, Potent antioxidant activity was reported for all samples, the most important was that of aromatic water. Mohammadpour, H.; Moghimipour, E.; Rasooli, I.; Fakoor, M.H. Cumin is an herb. Cumin seeds are extensively used as a condiment and are an essential ingredient in all mixed spices and curry powders; they are also candied. Sowbhagya et al. ; Mahadevamma, S.; Tharanathan, R.N. ; Zebib, B.; Merah, O.; Talou, T. Essential Oil Composition of, Bettaieb Rebey, I.; Bourgou, S.; Rahali, F.Z. Its warm aroma is due to its essential oil content. Kazemi, H.; Mortazavian, S.M.M. ; de Souza-Neta, L.C. Subscribe to receive issue release notifications and newsletters from MDPI journals, You can make submissions to other journals. The extr action of the essential oil of cumin is achieved by using the hydro-distillation process which lasts 270 min. Muthamma Milan, K.S. Sayed Ahmad, B.; Talou, T.; Saad, Z.; Hijazi, H.; Merah, O. The two essential oils, characterized by γ-terpinen-7-al (35.3%), cumin aldehyde (21.8%), and α-terpinen-7-al (15.4%), and (E)-anethole (93.0%), respectively, showed noteworthy effects against all pest targets, with anise more effective on larvae of C. quinquefasciatus This review article has surveyed the relevant literature on Nigella sativa from 1960-1998 and examines the scientific evidence for these … Cumin can be found in some cheeses, such as Leyden cheese, and in some traditional breads from France. Cumin seeds showed high contents in both vegetable and essential oils, proteins and sugars regardless their origin. When using the HP-5 MS column, the temperature program was as follows: the initial oven temperature was held at 60 °C for 2 min, after which it increased to 220 °C at a rate of 3 °C/min and maintained at 220 °C for 12 min. Ph.D. Thesis, Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, Toulouse, France, 2018. Van Soest, P.; Wine, R.H. The medicinal properties of Nigella sativa seeds are due to the presence of various biologically functional compounds and nutritional components. Nguyen, Q.H. All figure content in this area was uploaded by Philippe Evon, Biochemical Composition of Cumin Seeds, and Biorefining Study.pdf, All content in this area was uploaded by Philippe Evon on Sep 28, 2020, Biochemical Composition of Cumin Seeds, and Biorefining. Chemical Composition of Essential Oils of Released Black Cumin Varieties Grown in Ethiopia In Ethiopia black cumin seed and oil are used in folk medicine, as a bread flavoring and as a spices. The essential oil of the seeds of Cuminum cyminum L. from China was isolated by hydrodistillation in a yield of 3.8%. In this regard, two popular spices of economic importance, such as cumin Identification of Essential Oil Components by Gas Chromatgraphy/Mass Spectrometry, Oilseeds-Determination of Moisture and Volatile Matter Content, Oilseed Residues-Determination of Total Ash, Animal Feeding Stuffs–Determination of Nitrogen Content and Calculation of Crude Protein Content-Part 1: Kjeldahl Method, Help us to further improve by taking part in this short 5 minute survey, Vitamin D Prevents Pancreatic Cancer-Induced Apoptosis Signaling of Inflammatory Cells, Coumarin Ameliorates Impaired Bone Turnover by Inhibiting the Formation of Advanced Glycation End Products in Diabetic Osteoblasts and Osteoclasts, Subcritical Methanol Extraction of the Stone of Japanese Apricot, Application of Biotechnological Techniques Aimed to Obtain Bioactive Compounds from Food Industry By-Products, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The importance of green nanoparticles has gradually increased due to their special reductive, stabilizing, antioxidant and non-toxic properties. La renouvelabilité, la recyclabilité, la durabilité, la biodégradabilité sont les concepts de base sur lesquels nous pouvons compter pour protéger la nature et l’environnement. Ethnopharmacological relevance However, in order to tackle the key issues of shifting to re- newable resources, a full exploitation of biomass resources and efficient utilization of complex organic macro- molecules and also other chemical constituents such as antioxidants, Plants from Apiaceae family are commonly used for food, flavoring, fragrance and medical purposes; they are also known to be used as a household remedies since antiquity. Cuminaldehyde has been distinguished as the major constituent of C. cyminum seeds; even though, the analgesic effect of cuminaldehyde has not yet been examined. Recently, many experimental and biological investigations have been carried out in order to validate the ethno-medicinal claims of plants belonging to this family. Many studies have focused on the analysis of the antioxidant activity of extracts and cumin essential oils [, Antibacterial activities of residual cakes and aromatic water from cumin seeds of French origin were investigated, and the results showed an effective inhibition of pathogenic bacteria for methanolic extract of delipidated cake (, Interest in plants with antimicrobial properties has been revived because of drug resistance associated with the use of antibiotics. [. ; Berset, C. Use of a free radical method to evaluate antioxidant activity. Such a valuation has already been highlighted with success using cakes originating from two other, Studied samples showed high levels of TPC and TFC. In contrast, Algerian cumin showed the lowest yield. The Black Cumin (Nigella sativa) Seed is also a source of calcium, iron, sodium, and potassium. Apart from the proportion of volatile compounds, the chemical composition of seeds from both sources were similar. ; Pentti, O.H. The nobility of this study was to assess cuminaldehyde effect on nociceptive and neuropathic pains; furthermore, evaluation of its possible mechanisms of action. ; De Greyt, W.; Cerny, M.; Evon, P.; Merah, O.; Talou, T.; Stevens, C. Characterization of coriander vegetable oil of French origin. CUMINALDEHYDE 2. Our overall results indicate a good quality of cumin oil that could be used for functional food applications as well as for cosmetic, scented and pharmaceutical applications. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). First Online: 25 November 2020. Sect. It is related to the choice of construction materials and associated with VOC emissions. Fortification with chia flour led to darker breads without significantly affecting their global acceptability. Notre objectif est donc de déterminer la faisabilité biologique et technologique de l'application du concept ATOC-bioraffinage basé sur le développement, l'optimisation et la production de nouveaux produits biologiques, des nouvelles molécules biosourcées et d'autres technologies innovantes. The seeds … Al-Snafi, A.E. Acad. Black cumin (Nigella sativa) seeds: Chemistry, Technology, Functionality, and Applications pp 45-57 | Cite as. Chemical composition and antifungal activity of, Reza, A.; Moghadam, L. Essential oil of the seeds of, Shahnaz, H.; Hifza, A.; Bushra, K.; Khan, J.I. ; Singh, B.; Sharma, L.K. Naloxone (opioid receptors antagonist), L-arginine (nitric oxide (NO) precursor), L-NAME (NO synthase inhibitor), sodium nitroprusside (NO donor), methylene blue (guanylyl cyclase inhibitor), sildenafil (phosphodiesterase inhibitor), and glibenclamide (KATP channel blocker) were used to determine the implication of opioid receptors and L-arginine/NO/cGMP/KATP channel pathway. Interestingly, Cumin extract gave rise to no inhibitory effects against AU565 cells. Chemical composition of the essential oils obtained from some spices widely used in Mediterranean region. EOs contents were found higher than the maximum limits for cumin (1.5% - 2.5% on dry weight basis), but the within the limits for coriander (0.1% - 0.5% on dry weight basis) as indicated by the ES and ISO for cumin and coriander seed oils. Thus, obtained results demonstrated that green nanoparticles can lead to the development of new, safer, stable and more effective antileishmanial formulations against Cutaneous Leishmaniasis. A Soxhlet extraction apparatus was used to extract continuously vegetable oil. Effect of cryogenic grinding on volatile and fatty oil constituents of cumin (. It was attained magnificently that cuminaldehyde exerts antinociceptive and antineuropathic effects through the involvement of opioid receptors, L-arginine/NO/cGMP pathway, and anti-inflammatory function. Yang, B.; Karlsson, R.M. EXPERIMENTAL Two hundr ed g rams of dr ied and pulv er iz ed cumin plant seeds, culti va ted in the highlands of Alg eria w as used . According to the cytotoxicity analysis, Bio-AgNPs appears to be less toxic against J774 macrophage cells than AgNPs since IC50 values were measured as 0.75 and 1.25 μg/ml for AgNPs and Bio-AgNPs, respectively. ; Talou, T.; Cerny, M.; Evon, P.; Merah, O. Yield and chemical composition of essential oil for cumin seeds of four different geographic origins. Nutrient content, expressed as a mass percentage of the dry matter (% DM), for cumin seeds from four different geographic origins. The black cumin or Nigella sativa L. seeds have many acclaimed medicinal properties such as bronchodilatory, hypotensive, antibacterial, antifungal, analgesic, anti-inflammatory and immunopotentiating and are universally accepted as a panacea. Latv. ; Hussain, S.; Nadeem, M. A comparative study on chemical composition and antioxidant activity of ginger (, Hajlaoui, H.; Mighri, H.; Noumi, E.; Snoussi, M.; Trabelsi, N.; Ksouri, R.; Bakhrouf, A. those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publisher and the editor(s). Phytosterol composition (mg/100 g oil) measured in cumin seeds from four different geographic origins. Chemical pigments are behind these, but what changes to cause peppers to travel through this spectrum of colours? Composition of Nigella sativa Seeds. The pharmacological activities of. For MAE method, whole cumin seeds were grinded and suspended in distillated water (1:6 w/v) for 30 min, after this, the sample was extracted at two power levels: 650 and 750 W for 50 min. les processus industriels apparait comme une clé décisive. The major constituents varied depending on species. All obtained results validate the health promoting effect of cumin composition as well as its industrial importance along with the residues. Lucchesi, M.E. High temperature elemental losses and mineralogical changes in common biomass ashes. These boards could possibly be usable as furniture or building materials, with respect to the indoor air quality. The fruit, rich in oil, is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of various diseases. In the stores, buy whole seeds instead of its powder since oftentimes it maycontain adulterated inferior quality spice mixtures. The oil was colourless to pale-yellow in colour. Thus, in the present study, the analysis of these varieties was conducted in order to enhance their valuation as new sources of vegetable and essential oils. Box 5, Lebanon. De plus, l’utilité du tourteau d'extraction comme (ii) substrat pour la fabrication d'agromatériaux par thermopressage et comme (iii) un ingrédient dans des formulations de pain de blé entier a été examinée. This ratio is widely used in epidemiological studies and research on cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. Two fused-silica capillary columns were used in this study: a HP-5 MS one, and a Carbowax one, both having the same characteristics (i.e., 30 m length, 0.25 mm internal diameter, and 0.25 μm film thickness). Beneficial for digestion. Received: 1 June 2020 / Revised: 1 July 2020 / Accepted: 14 July 2020 / Published: 15 July 2020, (This article belongs to the Special Issue, A new biorefinery approach has been developed in the present study, and applied on cumin (, The biorefinery is a fully renewable process that aims to fractionate and capture valuable raw materials from plants. Samatha, T.; Shyamsundarachary, R.; Srinivas, P.; Swamy, N. Quantification of total phenolic and total flavonoid contents in extracts of. The major constituents varied depending on species. A total of twenty six components, representing 96.7% of the oil were identified. The major fatty acids were oleic (39–49%), linoleic (23.6–31%), and palmitic (21.3–26.6%) acids. Damasius, J.; Skemaite, M.; Kirkilaite, G.; Vinauskiene, R.; Venskutonis, P.R. ; Parvardeh, S.; Ghafghazi, S.; Samadi, S.; Khazaei Poul, Y.; Pouriran, R.; Amiri, S. Antinociceptive and antineuropathic effects of cuminaldehyde, the major constituent of, Dwivedy, A.K. ; Safarov, T.; Aydogdu, M.; Aktas, D. A nanotechnology-based new approach in the treatment of breast cancer: Biosynthesized silver nanoparticles using, Koohsari, S.; Sheikholeslami, M.A. The chemical composition of cumin essential oil used in this study was depicted in Table ... Cumin seeds are used locally in Iran as a fragrant agent for medicinal and aromatic purposes. Oil was conserved in a dark bottle at 4 °C. It could be noticed that cress, mustard, black cumin, and black pepper had higher protein content that ranged from 20.61% to 25.45%, as compared to fenugreek (12.91%) and clove (6.9%). Data on lipids and essential oils from Lebanon, France, Algeria and Syria have not yet been undertaken. Ces espèces partagent une caractéristique commune, elles peuvent être définies comme Aroma Tincto Oleo Crops (ATOC) puisqu’elles sont une source d'huile végétale et d'huile essentielle (ou de colorant). A rapid procedure for determining cellwall constituents of plants consists of the determination of the fiber insoluble in neutral detergent and is applicable to all feedstuffs. Authors; Authors and affiliations; Hamid Mukhtar; Muhammad Waseem Mumtaz; Tooba Tauqeer; Syed Ali Raza; Chapter. Please let us know what you think of our products and services. The different individual means were compared between them using one-way ANOVA and Tukey tests. Materials and methods Essential oils were extracted using 200 g of cumin seeds in a Clevenger type apparatus for three h, followed by storing at 4 °C. Conclusion This is the first report evaluating the relationship between the chemical compositions of cumin seeds (based on the analysis of the content of catalase, ascorbate peroxidase, proline, protein, terpenic compounds, alcohol/phenols, aldehydes, and epoxides) and the induction efficiency of somatic embryogenesis in two Iranian superior cumin landraces (Golestan and North Khorasan). Sayed Ahmad, B.; Talou, T.; Straumite, E.; Sabovics, M.; Kruma, Z.; Saad, Z.; Hijazi, A.; Merah, O. Vegetable and essential oils were extracted, and their compositions were determined. Fatty acid and monoterpene hydrocarbon constituted … Moreover, this Apiaceae species exhibited high levels of petroselinic fatty acid (an isomer of oleic acid) and sterols. Nowadays; although pentavalent antimonials are used as the basic treatment option for Cutaneous Leishmaniasis, high cost, toxicity and resistance of the parasites to the medication over time are some important limitations causing several problems in the treatment. This research paper is divided into 5 parts and these are 1) introduction – in which basic information of cumin seeds is These results suggest that the addition of chia seed powder and defatted cake can enhance the overall whole wheat bread quality. After obtaining prior informed consent, data was collected through structured interviews. Volatile components of cumin seed oil have been reported (Varo and Heinz, 1970), but little information is available on the lipid content and composition of cumin seeds. Cumin Cumin is not only a spice with strong aromatic properties but also has therapeutic virtues that mainly concern digestion. Assays for Minimum Inhibitory Concentrations (MIC), and Minimum Bactericidal Concentrations (MBC): The experiments in this study were all conducted in triplicate. A first step in accumulation was identified between two and 21 DAF characterized by high SFA and PUFA, which decreased 21 DAF. A higher moisture content and lower hardness were observed after bread fortification, the influence was more evident with the defatted cake than with seed powder. Plants used in ethnoveterinary medicine were compared to those used in human health care using a Chi square test, and ethnoveterinary use was predicted using a generalised linear model with use for human care and plant family as predictive variables. The Apiaceae: Ethnomedicinal family as source for industrial uses, Pistacia Atlantica Desf., a Source of Healthy Vegetable Oil. This review paper may help upcoming research activities on Apiaceae family membersby giving up to date information on their main common features, their origins and traditional backgrounds. Cakes and aromatic water also presented high levels of proteins, fibers, sugars and phenols. Spent residue from cumin—A potential source of dietary fiber. Profile and levels of fatty acids and bioactive constituents in mahua butter from fruit-seeds of buttercup tree [. Chia flour was added to whole wheat bread rich in vital wheat gluten for the first time. species is present (traditional cultivation) is located in southern Algeria. The statements, opinions and data contained in the journals are solely Antimicrobial property, antioxidant capacity, and cytotoxicity of essential oil from cumin produced in Iran. The dietary intake of Nigella sativa seeds and seed oil is associated with the cure and management of many chronic ailments and improving the general health. extracted oil composition with the marketed cumin seed oil. Athamena, S.; Chalghem, I.; Kassah-Laouar, A.; Laroui, S.; Khebri, S. Activité antioxydante et antimicrobienne d’extraits de, Chen, Q.; Chen, Q.Q. Ethnobotanical information was structured in use reports and therapeutic applications organised into 13 simple categories. Saeidi, S.; Shojaei, P.; Bazi, S.; Sanadgol, N. Antibacterial activity of some Iranian medicinal plants against important human pathogens. Higher value was observed for the Syrian origin. Cuminaldehyde (Figure 2), cymene, and terpenoids are the major volatile components of cumin (Bettaieb et al., 2011). Here, we present the first quantitative comparison of remedies used to treat human and animal health among a pastoral society. Plants from the Lamiaceae, Asteraceae, Fabaceae and Apiaceae families were most commonly used. We calculate the overlap with remedies used for human health and evaluate some of the possible drivers of similarities between the two interlinked medical systems. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript. LINALOOL 7. Plant specimens were acquired, identified and deposited in the Botanical Laboratory Herbarium of the University of Tiaret. Sci. Studies on essential oils-part thirteen: Natural antioxidant for sunflower oil. The cytotoxic and anticancer effects of AgNPs and Bio-AgNPs were determined by MTT assay. Despite evidence of the interdependence of ethnoveterinary practices and ethnomedicine for human care, the overlap between these two systems and the possible drivers of similarity are rarely addressed in ethnopharmacological literature. Chemical analysis has further revealed that the Black Cumin (Nigella sativa) Seed contains carotene, which is converted by the liver into vitamin A. All rights reserved. Abstract. Derakhshan, S.; Sattari, M.; Bigdeli, M. Effect of subinhibitory concentrations of cumin (. Honey Honey Cumin Dressing is a typical seasoning of Moroccan cuisine made from: 1/2 cup orange juice, 2 tablespoons olive oil, 1 tablespoon honey, 2 - 3 teaspoons lime juice, 1/4 teaspoon ground cumin. Zinc, calcium, magnesium, manganese and copper were found at lower levels. ↑ Bettaieb I, Bourgou S, Sriti J, Msaada K, Limam F, Marzouk B. Choice of methods will depend upon the materials analyzed and the purpose for which the values are to be used. The yield of the oil was found to be 3.0% (on dry weight basis). ; Hilal, M.; Prado, F.E. DOI: 10.1007/BF02494130. Murphy, D.; Richards, D.; Taylor, R.; Capdevielle, J.; Guillemot, J.-C.; Grison, R.; Fairbairn, D.; Bowra, S. Manipulation of seed oil content to produce industrial crops. Uitterhaegen, E.; Burianová, K.; Ballas, S.; Véronèse, T.; Merah, O.; Talou, T.; Stevens, C.V.; Evon, P.; Simon, V. Characterization of volatile organic compound emissions from self-bonded boards resulting from a coriander biorefinery. In the present study, the extracted essential oil from Golestan landrace contained 62.27% terpenic hydrocarbons, while the amount of these compositions was 51.14% in North Khorasan landrace (Table 3). The carrier gas used was helium with a flow rate and split ratio of 1.2 mL/min and 1:100, respectively. Hence more knowledge about composition of lipids of cumin seeds was felt necessary. Nowadays, several crude extracts of plants have been studied for their potential antimicrobial activity or for the identification of new antibacterial agents. The main chemical components of cumin oil are cuminic, cymene, dipentene, limonene, phellandrene and pinene. Chemical composition. CINNAMALDEHYDE 3. Protein Bread Fortification with Cumin and Caraway Seeds and By-products Flour. The nigella sativa seed is known by various names, including . In recent years, the progress in the field of green nanotechnology provides the development of green nanoparticle-based treatment methods for Cutaneous Leishmaniasis. ; Novruzova, M. Investigation of antileshmanial activities of, Dinparvar, S.; Bagirova, M.; Allahverdiyev, A.M.; Abamor, E.S. Clevenger extractors are indeed those recommended to extract essential oils at lab scale. ; Asker, M.M.S. ; Prakash, B.; Chanotiya, C.S. Cumin oil samples (Cuminum cyminum L.) from four different geographical origins were analyzed using GC-MS and GC-FID for their qualitative and quantitative composition. LIMONENE 6. launching a new generation of botanical chemicals for industrial applications. The cakes resulting from both delipidation and hydrodistillation were treated using a Soxhlet extraction apparatus, and ethanol as extracting solvent. Conclusions Sayed Ahmad, B.; Talou, T.; Saad, Z.; Hijazi, A.; Cerny, M.; Chokr, A.; Kanaan, H.; Merah, O. Fennel oil and by-products seed characterization and their potential applications. ; data curation, B.S.-A., S.G., M.C. Furthermore, their safety on beneficial organisms such as the earthworm Eisenia fetida and the aphid predator Harmonia axyridis was assessed. These results emphasized the potential use of cumin in a biorefinery concept, with a multi-purpose industrial process. When cytotoxic and anticancer characteristics of Cumin extract were investigated, it was established that it did not show any inhibitory effect on J774 cells, while killing the half of MCF-7 cells at investigated concentrations. Aims Glibenclamide (10 mg/kg) did not alter the antinociceptive effects of cuminaldehyde. Health Benefits For generations, people have used cumin to treat conditions ranging from indigestion and diarrhea to headaches. ; Li, J.M. European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). Cumin Coriander Basil GC-Fractionation Chemical Physical Microbiological Analysis Spices Herbs A comprehensive study was carried out to assess the microbiological, nutritional, biochemical and essential oil characteristics of three Egyptian traditional cultivars seeds, namely, cumin (Cuminum cyminum) and coriander (Coriandum Stefanie Bail. In this study a review of variation of chemical composition of cumin seed oil from different countries is also evaluated. Martinez-Tome, M.; Jimenez, A.M.; Ruggieri, S.; Frega, N.; Murcia, A. Antioxidant properties of Mediterranean spices compared with common food additives. Potassium, phosphorus, sodium and iron were the predominant elements present. Once the mixture was cooled up to the ambient temperature, distilled water (1 mL) and cyclohexane were added (6 mL). The objective of this study was determination of the physico-chemical characteristics of fenugreek (Trigonella Foenum graecum L.) and cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) and evaluation of their antibacterial properties against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC25923, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 and Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633. Emam, O. Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of Cumin Oil (Cuminum Cyminum, Apiaceae) Show all authors. Sayed Ahmad, B.; Talou, T.; Straumite, E.; Sabovics, M.; Kruma, Z.; Saad, Z.; Hijazi, A.; Merah, O. Carbonyl emissions on Day 1 at 23°C were 74, 146 and 35 µg m-2 h-1, respectively, for MDF, CH and COR. This study aims to document the plants and other materials used in ethnoveterinary medicine among nomadic herders in the Algerian steppe. Bettaieb, I.; Bourgou, S.; Wannes, W.A. Sowbhagya, H.B. Uitterhaegen, E.; Sampaio, K.A. Chemical composition of black cumin (Nigella sativa L.) seed extracts obtained by supercritical carbon dioxide at two different conditions that result in total extract (28 MPa/50°C, SFE 1) and major volatile part (12 MPa/40°C, SFE 2) and essential oil obtained by hydrodistillation of SFE-1 (HD SFE). J Sci Food Agric. ; investigation, B.S.-A., P.E., and O.M. Besides, Bio-AgNPs stimulated macrophages to release NO to kill Leishmania parasites. ; Maggi, F.; Neko, H.T. Potassium, phosphorus, sodium and iron were the predominant elements present. Find support for a specific problem on the support section of our website. ; Gan, Z.L. Zlatanov, M. Studies on sterol composition of some glyceride oils from family Apiaceae. Name of the compound RT Cumin oil extracted from whole seeds (%) Important portion of this production might be directed to the fabrication of green pesticides relying on the well-documented efficacy of many essential oils against insect pests as well as vectors, besides their safety for human health and the environment. Mallet, J.F. The authors declare no conflict of interest. Bread supplementation with chia flour improves its nutritional value, especially in the case of chia cakes. ; Grundvig, S.; Shiraki, R.; Lesher, C.E. Crushed seeds were analyzed by headspace solid-phase microextraction (SPME) coupled with gas chromatography–mass spectrometry. Simon, V.; Uitterhaegen, E.; Robillard, A.; Ballas, S.; Véronèse, T.; Vilarem, G.; Merah, O.; Talou, T.; Evon, P. VOC and carbonyl compound emissions of a fiberboard resulting from a coriander biorefinery: Comparison with two commercial wood-based building materials. Khanum, F.; Krishna, K.R.S. Laboratoire de Chimie Agro-industrielle (LCA), Université de Toulouse, INRA, INPT, 31030 Toulouse, France, Département Génie Biologique, IUT A, Université Paul Sabatier, 24 rue d’Embaquès, 32000 Auch, France, Research Platform of Environmental Science, Doctoral School of Science and Technology, Lebanese University, Campus Rafic Hariri, BP 5, Hadath-Beirut, P.O. However, lead, cadmium and arsenic were not detected in the seeds. ; funding acquisition, T.T., A.H., O.M. Twenty-five components representing about 97% of the essential oil were identified in the four samples (, The values of vegetable oil yields and fatty acid composition of cumin seeds from different origins are shown in. Differences in essential oil yield were observed between the seeds of the four origins (, Twenty-five components were identified in our study (, Vegetable oil yield ranged between 13.4% (Algeria) and 29.1% (France) (, The main fatty acids present in cumin seeds were petroselinic and linoleic acids regardless the origin (, Petroselinic and linoleic acids and the other monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) accounted for more than 60% of total fatty acids whatever the geographic origin (, Four sterols were identified in cumin seeds of all origins, with the main one which was β-sitosterol, the latter representing 43% to 47% of total sterols depending on the origin (, The evaluation of the contents in minerals, proteins and soluble sugars of cumin is crucial in order to identify the varieties with the best nutritional contents. The Syrian variety showed the highest value while that of France contained the lowest one. Essential oils and fatty acids composition of Tunisian and Indian cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) seeds: a comparative study. Singh, G.; Singh Kapoor, I.; Pandey, S.K. The Table 1 shows the compounds identified by GCMS present in cumin oils. Chaudhary, N.; Husain, S.S.; Ali, M. Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of volatile oil of the seeds of, Bettaieb, I.; Bourgou, S.; Sriti, J.; Msaada, K.; Limam, F.; Marzouk, B. An original solvent free microwave extraction of essential oils from spices. The essential oils of seeds of anise, cumin, fennel and parsley provided from Saudi Arabia were extracted by hydrodistillation, and analysed by GC and GC-MS. A new biorefining approach of cumin seed has been established (. The presence of large number of essential nutrients and a variety of pharmacologically active compounds make black cumin seeds (BCS) potentially suitable for the use in poultry diets as a feed ingredient. in cumin seeds [17]. The extraction was performed by adding cyclohexane as extracting solvent to 25 g grinded powder from cumin seeds during 5 h. Cyclohexane was then removed using a rotary evaporator. Allodynia and hyperalgesia were investigated in the CCI (chronic constriction injury) model of neuropathic pain in rats. A. SUBRAMONIAM, M. N. SATYANARAYANA. The major compounds in all cumin oils were the monoterpenes beta-pinene, p-cymene and gamma-terpinene and the terpenoid aldehydes cuminic aldehyde and the isomeric menthadien carboxaldehydes. ; Talou, T.; Evon, P.; Cerny, M.; Merah, O. Fatty acid composition and oil content during coriander fruit development. Potassium, phosphorus, sodium and iron were the predominant elements present. The new permanganate lignin method is intended as an alternative procedure to the 72% sulfuric acid method over which it offers definite advantages as well as certain disadvantages. Food / Nahrung 1993 37 (2), 123-126. Helium was used as carrier gas at flow rate of 0.6 mL/min. STUDIES ON CRYOGENIC GRINDING OF CUMIN SEED. As for cholesterol, it has been also detected by Atta (2003) in black cumin seeds from Egypt where it represented 7.2% of TSs, whereas this component is not detected by Ramadan and Mörsel (2002) in N. sativa L. seeds from Turkey. The chemical composition of Tunisian Nigella sativa L. seeds was investigated. Oil yield and composition of cumin seeds were definitely geographical origin-dependent. ; Salama, O. This study was performed in order to assess the fatty acid and volatile organic compound composition of P. atlantica vegetable oil. Figure 1. Logistic regressions were also used to test if any specific medicinal application predicts shared use in human and veterinary medicine. Moreover, origin of cumin seeds affected the biochemical composition (, Very little information is available in the literature on the residual cakes from cumin seeds. The black cumin or Nigella sativa L. seeds have many acclaimed medicinal properties such as bronchodilatory, hypotensive, antibacterial, antifungal, analgesic, anti-inflammatory and immunopotentiating and are universally accepted as a panacea. However, the fortified bread showed better values than control in terms of sensory profile. Abstract Proximate analysis of black cumin seeds showed a composition of 20.85% protein, 38.20% fat, 4.64% moisture, 4.37% ash, 7.94% crude fibre and 31.94% total carbohydrates. ; Bendif, H.; Ouabea, A.; Rebbas, K.; Ait Hammou, M.; Amirat, M.; Greene, A.; Teixidor-Toneu, I. Ethnoveterinary remedies used in the Algerian steppe: Exploring the relationship with traditional human herbal medicine. This research received no external funding. Ethnoveterinary medicine is vastly under-documented, especially in North Africa, where livestock care is increasingly medicalised. It is a rich reserve of both vegetable and essential oils. The breadcrumbs were assessed for their antioxidant activity, nutritional content, textural properties, color, and sensory profiles. The standardization of the method is based on a nutritional concept which defines fiber as insoluble vegetable matter which is indigestible by proteolytic and diastatic enzymes and which cannot be utilized except by microbial fermentation in the digestive tracts of animals. ; validation, O.M., T.T., Z.S., P.E., and A.H..; formal analysis, B.S.-A., M.C., S.G., P.E., and O.M. Here we take a look at the compounds behind the colours (as well as some pepper aroma chemistry) – and find that peppers have some extraordinary chemistry to … Scientific opinion on the safety of coriander seed oil as a novel food ingredient. Further, the valorization of these oils as functional ingredients in moisturizing cream formulas showed a positive impact on the overall emulsions structure and quality. The percentage yields of the essential oils from seeds were 0.81%, 1.28%, 0.64% and 0.52% v/w, respectively. The essential oils of seeds of anise, cumin, fennel and parsley provided from Saudi Arabia were extracted by hydrodistillation, and analysed by GC and GC-MS. Obtained results indicated high antileishmanial potential of green nanoparticles on L. tropica parasites, causative agents of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis. A comparison of the results leads to the conclusion that the constituents of cumin seed and cake can serve as a nutrient source as well as drugs useful in the chemotherapy of certain infections caused by bacteria, and also as an antioxidant agent. … Formalin- and acetic acid-induced nociception was significantly inhibited by cuminaldehyde (12.5–50 mg/kg). The statements, opinions and data contained in the journal, © 1996-2020 MDPI (Basel, Switzerland) unless otherwise stated. Common Indian spices: Nutrient composition, consumption and contribution to dietary value. Many types of French bread contain cumin seeds. Chemical composition of cumin seed essential oil has been extensively studied [6–9] and cuminal-dehyde has been introduced as the characteristic constituent of the seed [10]. This work suggests potential applications for practical uses of cumin seed extracts and their by-products that could then be implanted as a low-cost renewable source in various industrial areas. When using the Carbowax one, it was as follows: the initial oven temperature was held at 70 °C for 2 min, after which it increased to 220 °C at a rate of 5 °C/min and maintained at 220 °C for 8 min. ; Silva, L.S. 2011 Aug 30;91(11):2100-7. doi: 10.1002/jsfa.4513. Subsequently, PA increased to its highest concentration (30-55 DAF) and SFA and PUFA reached their lowest. The ratio of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) to saturated fatty acids (SFA) indicated that the content of unsaturated fatty acids was approximately three times higher than that of SFA. The variation of soluble sugars between the different origins followed the same trend than the two former traits. Cumin seeds are extensively used as a condiment and are an essential ingredient in all mixed spices and curry powders; they are also candied. Antibacterial and antioxidant activities were also determined. Yemm, W.E. The entire chemicals were intraperitoneally injected. The percentage yields of the essential oils from seeds were 0.81%, 1.28%, 0.64% and 0.52% v/w, respectively. Different sources of cakes have been used for protein fortification in bread and therefore increased the nutritional and technological attributes [, Moreover, with respect to the biorefinery concept, one other original application of cumin cakes could be the production of binderless fiberboards through hot pressing, with proteins acting as natural binder and fibers as mechanical reinforcement. Oil accumulation began earlier after flowering (2 DAF) in 2011. Chemical composition and biological activities of Tunisian, Li, R.; Jiang, Z.-T. Chemical composition of the essential oil of, Dubey, P.N. ; Tadros, M. Antiradical and antimicrobial properties of cold-pressed black cumin and cumin oils. The ELISA method was used to measure the inflammatory cytokines in serum samples of rats. Results were defined as mean values ± standard deviations. The major compounds in all cumin oils were the monoterpenes beta-pinene, p-cymene and gamma-terpinene and the terpenoid aldehydes c … Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of Cumin Oil (Cuminum Cyminum, … Oil content and fatty acid composition were determined by Soxhlet extraction. The Black Cumin (Nigella sativa) Seed is also a source of calcium, iron, sodium, and potassium. Its main constituent of aroma compounds are cuminaldehyde and cumi… Chromatogram of fatty acid composition of Lebanese population of cumin. The antibacterial activity of cumin seeds has been demonstrated against a broad spectrum of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria [. These results highlight the interest of coriander by-products as raw materials for producing fiberboards with low impact on indoor air quality. Proximate analysis of black cumin seeds showed a composition of 20.85% protein, 38.20% fat, 4.64% moisture, 4.37% ash, 7.94% crude fibre and 31.94% total carbohydrates. ; Semwal, A.D.; Vishwanathan, K.R. and A.H.; writing—review and editing, P.E., T.T., Z.S., M.C., and O.M. ; Kallio, H.P. Composition of Nigella Sativa (Black Seed). Gopalan, C.; Rama Sastri, B.V.; Balasubramanian, S.K. Moawad, S.A.; El-Ghorab, A.H.; Hassan, M.; Nour-Eldin, H.; El-Gharabli, M.M. Tvrzická, E.; Stanková, B.; Vecka, M.; Zák, A. Fatty acids: Occurrence and biological significance. Laboratory obtained results and pilot-scale levels with fennel seeds reported extraction of high yield of both VO and EO (19.8% and 1.8%, respectively) with significant amounts of valuable components, petroselinic acid and trans-anethole (74.8% and 70.7%, respectively). A ce sujet et en se basant sur le concept que les consommateurs partagent la responsabilité de la pollution et de l'épuisement des ressources et leur coût, la mise en oeuvre des ressources renouvelables dans. This is the first report evaluating the relationship between the chemical compositions of cumin seeds (based on the analysis of the content of catalase, ascorbate peroxidase, proline, protein, terpenic compounds, alcohol/phenols, aldehydes, and epoxides) and the induction efficiency of somatic embryogenesis in two Iranian superior cumin landraces (Golestan and North Khorasan). … The individual components in both essential oils and volatile extracts were identified by comparing their retention indices (RI) (determined thanks to an n-alkanes series) with those existing in the literature [. Effects of extraction solvents and provenances on phenolic contents and antioxidant activities of cumin (. Chemical composition of spices is given in Table 1. the chemical composition of essential oil, which compared with other works showed a great similarity8,9. ; Aghdam, M.S. Saturated aliphatic fatty acid accounted 63.04% of the seed oil extract. The delipidated and hydrodistillated cakes just as aromatic water were characterized for their fiber, sugar, protein, phenol and flavonoid contents. From flowering to maturity, fruits were harvested weekly and oil content and fatty acid (FA) compositions were determined. Vitamins B and E and several dietary minerals, especially iron, are also considerable in cumin seeds. Materials and Methods. Petroselinic acid is known to be a general characteristic of the seed oils of Apiaceae species, representing up to 72.6% in the case of a coriander vegetable oil [ 3, 8, 51 ]. Viuda-Martos, M.; Ruíz-Navajas, Y.; Fernández-López, J.; Pérez-Álvarez, J.A. Cumin has an overpowering smell and should be used very sparingly, yet it is considered non-toxic, non-irritant and non-sensitizing. The temperature program chosen for the analysis was as follows: the initial oven temperature was held at 185 °C for 40 min, after which it increased to 250 °C at a rate of 15 °C/min and maintained at 250 °C for 10.68 min. Moreover, a difference was observed between origins for phenol and flavonoid contents (, The important values of TPC and TFC in delipidated cakes, especially the one of French origin, can be attributed to the fact that cyclohexane does not lead to efficient extraction of phenolic compounds, due to their high polarity. The outcome of cuminaldehyde was completely antagonized by naloxone (2 mg/kg). Proximate analysis of black cumin seeds showed a composition of 20.85% protein, 38.20% fat, 4.64% moisture, 4.37% ash, 7.94% crude fibre and 31.94% total carbohydrates. Dobravalskytė, D.; Venskutonis, P.R. Traditional veterinary knowledge is still key to sheep and goat herders in the Algerian steppe, but a knowledge transmission gap seems to exist between older and younger generations, and ethnoveterinary practices may disappear in the near future. ; Willis, A.J. Formaldehyde emission was 300 to 600 times lower for coriander boards (< 0.2 µg m-2 h-1), making them significantly more environmentally friendly materials in comparison with MDF and chipboard. These promising findings are of great economic interest as they can lead to a wild range of novel, bio-based industrial applications from fennel seeds. tissue [4, 5]. Moreover, studies on oil fatty acid composition and essential oil were always conducted separately. Biorefining process of cumin seeds applied in the present study. However, different composition with cuminyl alcohol (30.0%), cuminaldehyde (25.9%), β-pinene (16.3%), p-cymene (15.5%) and α-terpinene (5.6%) in cumin oil were also reported from Pakistan [10]. Bettaieb-Rebey, I.; Kefi, S.; Limam, F.; Marzouk, B. ; Solanki, R.K.; Vishal, M.K. Non – Conventional Seeds are being considered in the study due to their sole chemical compositions and functional properties. Cumin oil is extracted by steam distillation from the ripe seed. Evaluation of Nutritional and Technological Attributes of Whole Wheat Based Bread Fortified with Chia Flour. Biorefining process of cumin seeds applied in the present study. The synthetized nanoparticles were characterized by dynamic light scattering (DLS), UV–visible spectroscopy (UV–Vis), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM). A newly developed indirect method for lignin, utilizing permanganate, permits the determination of cellulose and insoluble ash in the same sample. Determination of the composition of the essential oil of Marjoram. Chemical composition of extracted cumin oil and market cumin oil under study: - The identification of chemical composition of extracted as well as market cumin oil was performed using GCMS. You can buy its seeds as well as a ground powder in ready-made packs. Notre étude met l'accent sur l'évaluation de divers paramètres influençant le rendement et la qualité de l’huile dans les graines d'ATOC, y compris leurs origines géographiques et le procédé d'extraction, et leur impact sur l'activité biologique des extraits de résidus. ; supervision, T.T., Z.S., A.H. and O.M. Thus, in the present paper, a trans-disciplinary assessment of a new bio-refinery process from fennel seeds was established: the development of an integrated valorization of fennel seeds, allowing the extraction of VO and EO and their exploitation in cosmetic applications as well as the valorization of residual by-products as a source of biologi- cally active compounds, these processes constituted the basis of this bio-refinery concept. The field study was conducted in spring 2018 with 201 local knowledge holders in five provinces in the central part of the Algerian steppe. Miaraa, M.D. Moreover, origins differed for these traits (, The high mineral content found in Lebanese cumin is close to that of Iranian one (9.5%) [, Protein content ranged from 20.9% to 24.7%, depending on origin (, Soluble sugars presented a large variation between the four tested origins (, The observed results were specific to this study and comparisons could be indicative. ; Hamrouni, I.; Limam, F.; Marzouk, B. Results Oil and fatty acid accumulation during coriander (. The biorefinery approach here focused on the evaluation of the influence of four different geographical origins (i.e., Lebanon, France, Algeria and Syria) on oil yield and quality in cumin seed, and on the valorization of remaining by-products by investigating their nutritional content and biological activity for the first time. Good-quality cumin shouldrelease pleasant yet peppery flavor when squeezed between index and thumb fingers. ; Dantas, M.C.S.M. ; Alipoor Astaneh, S.; Shehni Moosaie, S.; Jalili, Z. Please note that many of the page functionalities won't work as expected without javascript enabled. Bouchra Sayed Ahmad obtained a dual doctorate thesis grant from Lebanese University and National Polytechnic Institute of Toulouse. French and Syrian residues showed the highest antioxidant activities whatever the residual samples (, The antioxidant activity is one of the most important functional activities of cumin that has been noticed in several studies. Therefore for the first time in this study in vitro antileishmanial effects of Bio-AgNPs prepared from Cumin seed extract were examined on L. tropica promastigote and amastigote forms and their efficacies were compared with chemically synthetized AgNPs. These residues revealed interesting antioxidant and antibacterial activities. … Next to this, fennel oilseeds by-products exhibited a remarkable antioxidant potential with high phenols and flavonoids contents and exhibited good antimicrobial properties depending on the extract type. Sci. (Cuminum cyminum) and anise (Pimpinella anisum), which are not only cheap, readily available, generally recognized as safe (GRAS) but also produces larger amounts of essential oils, are gaining interest for botanical insecticide development. Chemically characterized, Morshedloo, M.R. Coriander seed oil has been proposed as novel food ingredient in the European Union. In a study on the chemical compositions of the landraces of Indian cumin, the main ingredients of essential oil of terpenic hydrocarbons and aldehydes were reported [2]. Moreover, nutrient contents were significantly affected by the geographical origin of the seeds. Similarly, we determined that 87.5% and 96% of MCF-7 and AU565 cells were respectively inhibited when they were exposed to the highest concentrations of Bio-AgNPs. Cholestanol was used as internal standard. Bourgou, S.; Bettaieb, I.; Saidani, M.; Marzouk, B. Fatty acids, essential oil and phenolics modifications of black cumin fruit under NaCl stress conditions. Antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of caraway (. Cumin seeds are nutritionally rich; they provide high amounts of fat (especially monounsaturated fat), protein, and dietary fibre. The main chemical components of cumin oil are cuminic, cymene, dipentene, limonene, phellandrene and pinene. Cumin packs a lot of health benefits into a few tiny seeds. Cumin seeds nutrition facts Widely popular for their distinctive savory flavor, cumin seeds are one of the routinely featuring ingredients in the North African, Middle-East, Western Chinese, Indian, Cuban and North Mexican cuisine. Methods Terpenic emissions were 12, 185 and 37 µg m-2 h-1, respectively. chemical composition was determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience. Zinc, calcium, magnesium, manganese and copper were found at lower levels. Chemical analysis has further revealed that the Black Cumin (Nigella sativa) Seed contains carotene, which is converted by the liver into vitamin A. Sayed Ahmad, B.; Straumite, E.; Sabovics, M.; Kruma, Z.; Merah, O.; Saad, Z.; Hijazi, A.; Talou, T. Effect of Addition of Fennel (. ; Suma, P.F. 8-CINEOLE 4. Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils of selected Apiaceous fruits. ; Mishra, B.K. ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication. Conceptualization, O.M., B.S.-A., T.T., Z.S., and A.H.; methodology, B.S.-A., M.C., S.G., and O.M. Cumin is a popular spice used widely for its distinctive aroma. Proc. The main fatty acids present in cumin seeds were petroselinic and linoleic acids regardless the origin ( Table 2 ). Black cumin seeds, frequently known as Black Seeds Our results also highlight that bread making could be an unconventional alternative for the exploitation of defatted chia seed. In particular, delipidated cakes would be of real interest for such non-food application, due to their higher protein and fiber contents. The analysis of the biological activity of the cakes shows that the process of delipidation does not affect their antioxidant and antibacterial capacities. A research note lipid composition of cumin (. VOC emissions depended largely on material and temperature. Treatments for human and animal care overlap to a large extent, and a causal relationship possibly exists for, at least, some of them. Juergen Wanner . and H. axyridis. Part iv. Among the many different methods utilized for the extraction of essential oil of plant materials, microextraction techniques have found extensive appli-cations in recent years [11–15]. After stirring, 160 μL of the organic phase were taken and completed with 40 µL BSTFA (bis (trimethylsilyl) trifluoroacetamide) and TMCS (trimethylchlorosilane) (99/1, Moisture and dry matter contents of cumin residues collected after both delipidation and hydrodistillation were determined according to ISO 665:2000 [. Introduction. This study aims at the investigation of lipid composition of cumin seeds. Ethnopharmacological relevance Journal of Food Safety 1988 9 (3), 201-214. The yield of essential oil varied between 1.6% and 2.9%, depending on the origin of the seeds. Black cumin (Nigella sativa) seeds: Chemistry, Technology, Functionality, and Applications . Our dedicated information section provides allows you to learn more about MDPI. biomolecules Article Biochemical Composition of Cumin Seeds, and Biorefining Study Othmane Merah 1,2,* , Bouchra Sayed-Ahmad 1,3, Thierry Talou 1, Zeinab Saad 3, Muriel Cerny 1, Sarah Grivot 1, Philippe Evon 1 and Akram Hijazi 3 1 Laboratoire de Chimie Agro-industrielle (LCA), Université de Toulouse, INRA, INPT, 31030 Toulouse, France; bouchra.sayed.ahmad@hotmail.com (B.S.- The GC-MS parameters were 250 °C for the injector temperature, 280 °C for the ion source temperature, 70 eV for the electron ionization, 30–300 amu and 2.77 scan/s for the mass spectra range, 1/100 for the split ratio, and 1 μL pentane solution for the injection volume. Although there are many studies based on green nanoparticles against Leishmania parasites, we have not found any research about antileishmanial activities of biosynthesized silver nanoparticles (Bio-AgNPs) using Cuminum cyminum L (Cumin) seed extract. Essential oils, phenolics, and antioxidant activities of different parts of cumin (. Cumin seed is used as a spice for its distinctive flavour and aroma. Sumac (, Araújo, F.M. A Research Note Lipid Composition of Cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) Seeds. ISSN 2218-273X. This is the first report evaluating the relationship between the chemical compositions of cumin seeds (based on the analysis of the content of catalase, ascorbate peroxidase, proline, protein, terpenic compounds, alcohol/phenols, aldehydes, and epoxides) and the induction efficiency of somatic embryogenesis in two Iranian superior cumin landraces (Golestan and North Khorasan). ; John, S.; Agarwal, D.; Yogi, A. Preponderance of cumin (. Shan, B.; Cai, Y.Z. CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITIES OF BLACK SEED OIL (NIGELLA SATIVA L.) S. Dinagaran 1, S. Sridhar *1 and P. Eganathan 2.