we are creating another ill on top of whatever natural struggle they might have. Below, some highlights. Aimee Mullins 2: The opportunity of adversity . and it was 150 years ago, when writing about evolution. The speaker, Aimee Mullins is a model, actress, athlete and advocate for women. I’ve never had a chance to see her speak in person, but I’ve watched her collection of awesome TED talks. And I turn around, and it's this older man. However, she joined the Olympic games and she is now a model. and I always felt uneasy trying to answer people's questions about it. Why don't students remember what they’ve learned? The thesaurus might equate "disabled" with synonyms like "useless" and "mutilated," but ground-breaking runner Aimee Mullins is out to redefine the word. but instead to find those opportunities wrapped in the adversity. If we can change this paradigm from one of achieving normalcy, to one of possibility -- or potency, to be even a little bit more dangerous --. Come, dance with me. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. How can I send a newsletter from my topic? marching with the Girl Scouts, you know, the Halloween parade. So maybe the idea I want to put out there is. So, what reality do we want to call into existence: a person who is limited, or a person who's empowered? So, I immediately went to look up the 2009 online edition. and had feet turned in, and a few toes in this foot and a few toes in that. that are allowing people to more fully engage with their abilities, and move beyond the limits that nature has imposed on them --, not to mention social networking platforms. A: She realized … Branding your topics will give more credibility to your content, position you as a professional expert and generate conversions and leads. because people have continually wanted to talk to me about overcoming adversity. "Disabled, adjective: crippled, helpless, useless, wrecked. I think the greatest adversity that we've created for ourselves so I'm thinking this must be an ancient print date, right? “Adversity isn’t an obstacle that we need to get around in order to resume living our life. Well, they took, over a three-month period. If instead, we can bolster a human spirit to keep hope, When a spirit has those qualities, we are able to create new realities, by a fourteenth-century Persian poet named Hafiz. The thesaurus might equate "disabled" with synonyms like "useless" and "mutilated," but ground-breaking runner Aimee Mullins is out to redefine the word. Aimee Mullins Achievement & Peak Performance, Change Management, Leadership, Motivational Speaker, Overcoming Adversity. Aimee Mullins's speaking fee falls within range: $50,000 to $75,000 (Speakers' virtual presentation fees are generally around 60-80% of the in-person fee range noted here.) because, of course, typical fashion, I arrived late for my birthday by two weeks. is to be of use, to be able to contribute. Adversity is just change that we haven't adapted ourselves to yet. So, I think that the only true disability is a crushed spirit. told them they were "A's," told them they were bright. if I would have traded prosthetics for flesh-and-bone legs. Aimee Mullins: The opportunity of adversity. Discussion 1: From your own experience, do you think prosperity or adversity help you make achievements? and it's all very real and relative to every single person. Maybe that's what adversity gives us: a sense of self, a sense of our own power. he said, "In my experience, unless repeatedly told otherwise, if left to their own devices, a child will achieve.". I'd like to share with you a discovery that I made a few months ago. run-down, worn-out, weakened, impotent, castrated, paralyzed, handicapped, senile, decrepit, laid-up, done-up, done-for, done-in. There's no normal. One such person who opened doors for me was my childhood doctor. Well suggest content based on your keywords. Aimee Mullins Ted Talk about "The Opportunity of Adversity" looks at how important words are in the face of adversity to change your perspective on life. This video is unavailable. You know, of course, this is my raggedy old thesaurus. by giving them the cold, hard truth about their medical prognosis. The Must-Have Educational Apps List For Android | Listly List, Eliminar publicidades de paginas con Chrome sin agregar nada, Las aplicaciones móviles entran con fuerza en la educación, Eighth creative uses of Google Drawings you shouldn’t ignore, ▶ Redes Educacion (La manera disruptiva de aprender) Eduard Punset - YouTube, Gallery: The World's Weirdest Balancing Rocks, Fogonazos: El hombre que metió la evolución en un frasco. Defying these associations, she shows how adversity -- in her case, being born without shinbones -- actually opens the door for human potential. allow people to self-identify, to claim their own descriptions of themselves. There was a case study done in 1960s Britain. ... Mullins explored the concept of disability and talked about how overcoming adversity is something everyone must confront, in one way or another. a spirit that's been crushed doesn't have hope, it no longer has our natural, childlike curiosity. Aimee Mullins The opportunity of adversity Posted Feb 2010 More news and ideas from Aimee Mullins. When you do break it, I'm going to give you a hundred bucks. Top 22 Google apps for teachers using Android, Fighting the Empathy Deficit: How the Arts Can Make Us More Compassionate, Los 11 colegios más innovadores del mundo. Aimee Mullins The thesaurus might equate "disabled" with synonyms like "useless" and "mutilated," but ground-breaking runner Aimee Mullins is out to redefine the word. There's an important difference and distinction, between the objective medical fact of my being an amputee. But I'd already finished editing the piece, and I realized that I had never once in my … The Opportunity of Adversity: Aimee Mullins (Full Transcript) Read More » See, Dr. Kean made that shift in thinking. Aimee Mullins: The opportunity of adversity by TED.com. Those who were still around in school, besides the people who had dropped out. Maybe we can see it as change. Aimee Mullins: I was speaking to a group of about 300 kids, ages six to eight, at a children's museum, and I brought with me a bag full of legs, similar to the kinds of things you see up here, and had them laid out on a table for the kids.. And, from my experience, you know, kids are naturally curious about what they don't know, or don't understand, or is foreign to them. He said to me, "I had to give this prognosis to your parents, and you would never have the kind of mobility that other kids have, and you've been making liar out of me ever since. I have no idea who he is. Adversity is just change that we haven't adapted ourselves to yet. Aimee Mullins 2: The opportunity of adversity . And I tend to think of it like my shadow. In fact, the exact meaning of the word "educate". I mean, when we met I was delivering you from your mother's womb.". She learned to walk on prosthetics, then to run -- competing at the national and international level as a champion sprinter, and … and would you want to meet that poor, beige person if they existed? dotsub. Almost all of these apps are free ...", "All of the tech tools featured in this post are free, user friendly, and (likely)will be available on your school's network. And, most importantly, there's a partnership, So it's not about devaluing, or negating, these more trying times. You can enter several keywords and you can refine them whenever you want. so the man who delivered me was a complete stranger to my parents. People look at Aimee as a role model and she has accomplished so much in her life already. Watch Queue Queue But today she is a Paralympic record-breaker, actress, model and public speaker. I don't remember meeting you.". Measuring and analyzing your curation will help you to understand what your audience is looking for and how to improve your performance. that my friend, Jacques Dembois told me about. There is adversity and challenge in life. 15-20 min Discussion 3: If you have a child, will you raise him/her in a wise/normal condition? newspaper clippings throughout my whole childhood. but I'd already finished editing the piece, and I realized that I had never once in my life. View Full Essay. The speaker was born without fibulas in both legs and amputated at age one. Watch as Aimee Mullins delivers one of the most powerful TED Talks I've listened to definitely worth your twenty minutes. you are educating them in the best sense. when we make them feel that they're not equipped to adapt. Aimee Mullins: The opportunity of adversity. A record-breaker at the Paralympic Games in 1996, Aimee Mullins has built a career as a model, actor and advocate … you know -- to help build up my leg muscles, and I hated these bands more than anything --. Village Language is Dawning. that Darwin illustrated, I think, a truth about the human character. that everyone has something rare and powerful to offer our society. Summary . And so my mother's prenatal physician had gone on vacation. WORDS 775. They didn't view these people as broken and useless; A few years ago, I was in a food market in the town where I grew up. Here's the updated version of this entry. to have nothing positive whatsoever going for them, when in fact, today I'm celebrated for the opportunities and adventures. I happened on a recent TED talk by Aimee Mullins this week. Aimee Mullins: I was speaking to a group of about 300 kids, ages six to eight, at a children's museum, and I brought with me a bag full of legs, similar to the kinds of things you see up here, and had them laid out on a table for the kids.. And, from my experience, you know, kids are naturally curious about what they don't know, or don't understand, or is foreign to them. 15-20 min Discussion 2: Why do you think prosperity/adversity is better for a person’s growth. But, in the previous instances of those thesaurus entries. This feature is not available right now. I hated them. Sharing your scoops to your social media accounts is a must to distribute your curated content. Click here to learn more on "how to Dotsub", © 2007-2020 So, perhaps technology is revealing more clearly to us now. is the world ever thinking that I could be described by those definitions. How to grow my audience and develop my traffic? and the poem is called "The God Who Only Knows Four Words": but the God who only knows four words and keeps repeating them, Come, dance with me. Defying these associations, she shows how adversity — in her case, being born without shinbones — actually opens the door for human potential. Learn more and get all the tips to boost your topic’s views, Learn more about the different existing integrations and their benefits, choose from suggestions on the right-side panel, publish any web site on the fly in 1-click (bookmarklet). However, she joined the Olympic games and she is now a model. Explain her concerns about the word disabled and how it is defined in the thesaurus. A Literary Analysis of the Opportunity of Adversity by Aimee Mullins PAGES 4. We are effectively grading someone's worth to our community. We are marked, of course, by a challenge. By casually doing something as simple as naming a person, a child. Desafiando essas associações, ela mostra como a adversidade -- no caso dela, ter nascido sem as tíbias -- pode, na verdade, abrir as portas para o potencial humano. and he said to me, "Wow. I've provided some highlights and notes below. There's common, there's typical. It's separating students from A, B, C, D and so on. The opportunity of adversity. Aimee Mullins by David Shankbone, at Tribeca Film Festival 2008 as displayed on Wikipedia.org. Are athletes really getting faster, better, stronger? But let's do a reawakening of sorts and click on More to go to the "neglected" siblings ...", El hombre que metió la evolución en un frasco, Science and Assorted Stuff for Secondary Students. By AGrushcow, Audrey Grushcow. They were simply told, "These are the 'A-students,' these are the 'D-students.'". And perhaps this shift in me has happened, because I've been exposed to more people who have opened doors for me. And, truthfully, the only real and consistent disability I've had to confront. Sign up with Facebook The speaker was born without fibulas in both legs and amputated at age one. stalled, maimed, wounded, mangled, lame, mutilated. Defying these associations, she shows how adversity — in her case, being born without shinbones — actually opens the door for human potential. duPont Institute in Wilmington, Delaware. Aimee was a world class sprinter as a double amputee and has been trying to shed her label since the day she was born. Her talk focussed on seeing adversity as opportunity. - Jenna Kraig, student @ UCLA. Aimee, you are such a strong and powerful little girl. It's called the streaming trials. And, perhaps, if we see adversity as natural, consistent and useful. Defying these associations, she shows how adversity — in her case, being born without … I think the greatest adversity that we've created for ourselves. I aspired to that kind of normalcy back then. What is so special about the human brain? The power of our words can grant or keep others from reaching their potential. and that the human ability to adapt is our greatest asset. whether winning a second grade spelling bee. And it's because of the experiences I've had with them. ", Now, of course, this was a simple ploy on Dr. P's part, to get me to do the exercises I didn't want to do. Ted Talk 1: The Opportunity of adversity. and I think I'm starting to figure out why. You're teaching them to open doors for themselves. Defying these associations, she shows how adversity -- in her case, being born without shinbones -- actually opens the door for human potential. And I said, "I'm sorry, sir, have we met? and as related to the other kids and the world around me. Sign up with Twitter, I don't have a Facebook or a Twitter account, "For those of you using Android, here is a collection of some of the best Google Apps you may want to try out in your instruction. Aimee Mullins, an accomplished athlete, actress, and model, demonstrates in this TED Talk the power of words to define people. Distributing your curated content through a newsletter is a great way to nurture and engage your email subscribers will developing your traffic and visibility. As usual, the TED community has lots of news to share this week. Thx  eona Ungerer ! And, but of course, actually, it did click. was too difficult for most Americans to pronounce, And Dr. P always wore really colorful bow ties. Aimee Mullins uses the thesaurus to show the affect of how the use of language can potentially affect our thinking & how we view other people, and by casualy doing something like naming a child we could potentially be putting lids … From Darwin's work, amongst others, we can recognize that, the human ability to survive and flourish, is driven by the struggle of the human spirit through conflict. And, of course, the heartbreaking, flip side of this study, is that they took the "A students" and told them they were "D's.". So, our responsibility is not simply shielding those we care for from adversity. a sense of self, a sense of our own power. from the emotional shock and impact that the assault from these words unleashed. Aimee Mullins 2: The opportunity of adversity TED 2010 . A record-breaker at the Paralympic Games in 1996, Aimee Mullins has built a career as a model, actor and activist for women, sports and the next generation of prosthetics. or, indeed, a prognosis on the expected quality of their life, we have to make sure that we don't put the first brick in a wall, Perhaps the existing model of only looking at what is broken in you, and how do we fix it, serves to be more disabling to the individual. I find the last two words under "Near Antonyms," particularly unsettling: It's what we believe about people when we name them with these words. and I was standing over a bushel of tomatoes. TED Talks The thesaurus might equate "disabled" with synonyms like "useless" and "mutilated," but ground-breaking runner Aimee Mullins is out to redefine the word. You can watch it here by Aimee Mullins. We can re-imagine adversity as something more than just tough times. And I have to wonder today to what extent his vision, and his declaration of me as a strong and powerful little girl. And, you know, I was already bargaining, as a five year-old child. TED Talk Subtitles and Transcript: The thesaurus might equate "disabled" with synonyms like "useless" and "mutilated," but ground-breaking runner Aimee Mullins is out to redefine the word. but I'd just gotten past "mangled," and my voice broke. but the question isn't whether or not you're going to meet adversity. | Science and Assorted Stuff for Secondary Students Embora o dicionário de sinônimos equipare "incapaz" a sinônimos como "inútil" e "mutilado", a inovadora corredora Aimee Mullins está determinada a redefinir a palavra. Exactly what I needed. Aimee Mullins: The opportunity of adversity The thesaurus might equate "disabled" with synonyms like "useless" and "mutilated," but ground-breaking runner Aimee Mullins is out to redefine the word. I loved almost everything about my time spent at this hospital. 1. believed that to utter a curse verbally was so powerful. '", Watch videos with subtitles in your language, upload your videos, create your own subtitles! Saturday, February 20, 2010. and he was using it, and integrating it into teaching resident students. She sees herself as strong and powerful and recognizes adversity is part of everyone’s life. Our language hasn't caught up with the changes in our society. to show you the epiphany of your own power, and you're off. Pins about teaching tools hand-picked by Pinner a arg | See more about lap books, interactive notebooks, tips for successful study.. Divúlgame es una plataforma de difusión científica en castellano que cuenta con dos vertientes: Divulgame.net y Divulgame.org, "Did you ever click the bright red "New" button inside your Google Drive? And there's been a shift in my thinking over time. Sometimes I see a lot of it, sometimes there's very little. About this essay More essays like this: literary analysis. The Opportunity of Adversity When she was just one year old, Aimee Mullins became a double amputee, and her parents were told she would never walk. while writing an article for Italian Wired. Great talk about embracing adversity and learning to grow through it: Here's a link in case… so they can go align with global groups of their own choosing. Watch her presentation “The Opportunity of Adversity” and react to how she describes disability or adversity. expecting to find a revision worth noting. Paralympian Aimee Mullins discusses the need to change our language to reflect the changes in society. and invite them to engage their rare and valuable abilities with the community. “Our” Village Idea? looked up the word "disabled" to see what I'd find. and the subjective societal opinion of whether or not I'm disabled. Aimee’s story of how her doctor and physical therapist, Dr. Pizzutillo, used words of encouragement to make Aimee believe that she was capable of being able to be a strong, able-bodied human being and settle for nothing less. This is an example of how adults in positions of power. before the prospect of being the richest five-year-old in the second floor ward, but what he effectively did for me was reshape an awful daily occurrence. in that, if you had asked me at 15 years old. And that's what happened at the end of that three-month period. Aimee Mullins was born without fibular bones, and had both of her legs amputated below the knee when she was an infant. We call it "tracking" here in the States. Wouldn't we want to open doors for them instead? Adversity isn't an obstacle that we need to get around. I had to do what seemed like innumerable repetitions of exercises. Perhaps if we start emphasizing the use of we within our homes, schools, communities, cities, and countries, then perhaps we may start a revolution of words. Our suggestion engine uses more signals but entering a few keywords here will rapidly give you great content to curate. Publishing quality and relevant content you curate on a regular basis will develop your online visibility and traffic. Defying these associations, she shows how adversity -- in her case, being born without shinbones -- actually opens the door for human potential. The thesaurus might equate “disabled” with synonyms like “useless” and “mutilated,” but ground-breaking runner Aimee Mullins is out to redefine the word. From www .ted .com - August 28, 2012 1:29 AM Adversity and Opportunity – Aimee Mullins at TED. You can decide to make it visible only to you or to a restricted audience. not in spite of the experiences I've had with them. Transcript for Person of the Week: Aimee Mullins, ... she says, opportunity and adversity. Anthropologists tell us that the one thing, we as humans have always required of our community members. I think you're going to break one of those bands. I heard a TED talk once about the power of words and the Opportunity of Adversity. Transcript:. The teachers didn't know a switch had been made. Aimee Mullins The thesaurus might equate "disabled" with synonyms like "useless" and "mutilated," but ground-breaking runner Aimee Mullins is out to redefine the word. as an inherently strong, powerful and athletic person well into the future. as a determinant in the quality of someone's life. And he called this part of the course the X Factor, No prognosis can account for how powerful this could be. Summary . we might be putting lids and casting shadows on their power. But if you ask me today, I'm not so sure. we're less burdened by the presence of it. med students from Hahnemann Medical School and Hershey Medical School. Defying these associations, she shows how adversity -- in her case, being born without shinbones -- actually opens the door for human potential. my legs, laser surgery for vision impairment, titanium knees and hip replacements for aging bodies. and had the very perfect disposition to work with children. Travels from New York, USA. I knew this was a great list to explore when I saw a number of things I use regularly. A crucial part of this case study was that the teachers were duped too. Annotated captions of Aimee Mullins: The opportunity of adversity in English Last Modified By Time Content; tedtalks 00:02 00:07 I'd like to share with you a discovery that I … In fact, many ancient societies, including the Greeks and the Romans. or what other people perceive as my disability. So, again, transformation, adaptation, is our greatest human skill. By Meira Shupack on February 17, 2010 in Blog. The Opportunity of Adversity – Aimee Mullins October 2009. A record-breaker at the Paralympic Games in 1996, Aimee Mullins has built a career as a model, actor and advocate … with the exception of my physical therapy sessions. In Brief A new map of the Peruvian Amazon, the race to explore the deep ocean, and a rock album reimagined March 10, 2017. he had to be the bearer -- this stranger had to be the bearer of bad news. winning my college scholarship, or any of my sports victories. In our desire to protect those we care about. a man that I had only known about through my mother's stories of that day. By redirecting your social media traffic to your website, Scoop.it will also help you generate more qualified traffic and leads from your curation work. carried their elderly and those with serious physical injury, and perhaps it's because the life experience of survival of these people. Aimee Mullins: The opportunity of adversity. And I'm going to suggest that this is a good thing. nor is it the most intelligent that survives; it is the one that is most adaptable to change. Aimee Mullins: The opportunity of adversity | -----Transcript available in many languages!!!! we can release the power of so many more children. Aimee Mullins is a groundbreaking runner who reminds us that “disabled” does not mean “useless”. into a new and promising experience for me. Implicit in this phrase of "overcoming adversity", is about emerging on the other side of a challenging experience, as if my successes in life have come about from an ability. Not only will it drive traffic and leads through your content, but it will help show your expertise with your followers. because to say the thing out loud brought it into existence. How to integrate my topics content to my website? in that red zone in northeastern Pennsylvania. I was reading this list out loud to a friend and at first was laughing. when they were moving from grammar schools to comprehensive schools. And, perhaps, until we're tested, we don't know what we're made of. Aimee was a paralympic record-breaker at the 1996 games and she’s an amazing speaker. And, because I was born without the fibula bones. an Italian American, whose name, apparently. This year we celebrate the 200th birthday of Charles Darwin. I always keep my thesaurus handy whenever I'm writing anything. By Meira Shupack on February 17, 2010 in Blog. TED Talk – Aimee Mullins: The Opportunity of Adversity Watch the video of the link below and answer the questions completely using quotes from her presentation. Two educators, two very different visions, one question: How can tech help us rethink education in the developing world? The limelight is reserved for Docs, Sheets, and Slides. Our language affects our thinking and how we view the world. So again, which potential do we want to bring out? Aimee Mullins by David Shankbone, at Tribeca Film Festival 2008 as displayed on Wikipedia.org. Aimee Mullins chooses each day to use the opportunity she has been given to find out just what is possible for her- and she’s still finding that out by challenging us all to examine and change the way we think about what we might percieve as other’s limitations. Defying these associations, she shows how adversity — in her case, being born without shinbones — actually opens the door for human potential. Transcript:. Sometimes I see a lot of it, sometimes there’s very little, but it’s always with me.” This woman, Aimee Mullins, is totally inspiring. But, in fact, the print date was the early 1980s, when I would have been starting primary school, and forming an understanding of myself outside the family unit. Google Drawings isn't at the forefront of tools. He said, "Well, you wouldn't remember meeting me. If you would, please share your experience. Since being recently introduced to “Clara: A Phenomenology of Disability,” and Aimee Mullins “The Opportunity of Adversity,” I have become much more mindful in the way I perceive those living life with a disability and how it may affect their future. Watch Queue Queue. It's about the values behind the words, and how we construct those values. Aimee Mullins – TED Talk TRANSCRIPT I'd like to share with you a discovery that I made a few months ago while writing an article for Italian Wired. the possibility of an individual to see themselves as capable. Save time by spreading curation tasks among your team. And I tend to think of it like my shadow. By not treating the wholeness of a person. Aimee Mullins’ came in the form of a physical disability as she was born without shinbones. than those who have put lids and cast shadows on me. Integrating your curated content to your website or blog will allow you to increase your website visitors’ engagement, boost SEO and acquire new visitors. to sidestep or circumnavigate the presumed pitfalls of a life with prosthetics. To paraphrase: It's not the strongest of the species that survives. He understood that there's a difference between the medical condition. I always keep my thesaurus handy whenever I'm writing anything. And the "A students" get the tougher curriculum, the best teachers, etc. By describing someone as “disabled,” we may be putting limits on them instead of opening doors. I hear this guy, his voice behind me say, "Well, if it isn't Aimee Mullins.". In her TED speech, “The Opportunity of Adversity”, Aimee Mullins discusses her disability; how people treat her and how her disability influences her life. our language isn't allowing us to evolve into the reality that we would all want. I hated them, had names for them. The thesaurus might equate "disabled" with synonyms like "useless" and "mutilated," but ground-breaking runner Aimee Mullins is out to redefine the word. It’s part of our life. And that's how they went about teaching them and treating them. There's evidence that Neanderthals, 60,000 years ago. If you can hand somebody the key to their own power --, the human spirit is so receptive -- if you can do that. These tools are best for students in grades 6-12 but the teacher ...". But, in fact, we are changed. Aimee was a world class sprinter as a double amputee and has been trying to shed her label since the day she was born. many of which have been brought about by technology. Please try again later. She speaks on overcoming adversity and empowering women… and really, anyone. at the A.I. and open a door for someone at a crucial moment. and at the end of this three-month period. So, we can give ourselves a gift. The thesaurus might equate "disabled" with synonyms like "useless" and "mutilated," but ground-breaking runner Aimee Mullins is out to redefine the word. ", The extraordinary thing is that he said he had saved. Aimee Mullins 2: The opportunity of adversity TED 2010 . And, needless to say, thank God I wasn't using a thesaurus back then. I mean, from this entry, it would seem that I was born into a world. Defying these associations, she hows how adversity -- in her case, being born without shinbones -- actually opens the door for human potential. The human ability to adapt, it's an interesting thing. Publication date 2010-02-17 Usage Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 Topics TEDTalks, TEDMED 2009, TED, Talks, activism, happiness, health, heroism, prosthetics, social change, society, 2009 Contributor Aimee’s story of how her doctor and physical therapist, Dr. Pizzutillo, used words of encouragement to make Aimee believe that she was capable of being able to be a strong, able-bodied human being and settle for nothing less. Aimee Mullins: The opportunity of adversity | ------Transcript available in many languages!!!! Jordan and I had a chance to attend a speech by Aimee Mullins at the University of Missouri campus this evening as a part of the Delta Gamma Lectureships Series. as something we want to avoid or sweep under the rug. with Dr. P to try to get out of doing these exercises, And, one day, he came in to my session --, exhaustive and unforgiving, these sessions --. with these thick, elastic bands -- different colors. And, certainly, I'm not trying to diminish the impact, the weight, of a person's struggle. You don’t want your Scoop.it page to be public: make it private. We can re-imagine adversity as something more than just tough times.